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Miles Lee
Miles Lee

Practical Piping Handbook



The objective of this practical oil and gas piping handbook is to facilitate project management teams of oil and gas piping related construction projects to understand the key requirements of the discipline and to equip them with the necessary knowledge and protocol. It provides a comprehensive coverage on all the practical aspects of piping related material sourcing, fabrication essentials, welding related items, NDT activities, erection of pipes, pre-commissioning, commissioning, post-commissioning, project management and importance of ISO Management systems in oil and gas piping projects. This handbook assists contractors in ensuring the right understanding and application of protocols in the project.




practical piping handbook



One of the key assets of this handbook is that the technical information and the format provided are practically from real time oil and gas piping projects; hence, the application of this information is expected to enhance the credibility of the contractors in the eyes of the clients and to some extent, simplify the existing operations. Another important highlight is that it holistically covers the stages from the raw material to project completion to handover and beyond. This will help the oil and gas piping contractors to train their project management staff to follow the best practices in the oil and gas industry. Furthermore, this piping handbook provides an important indication of the important project-related factors (hard factors) and organizational-related factors (soft factors) to achieve the desired project performance dimensions, such as timely completion, cost control, acceptable quality, safe execution and financial performance. Lastly, the role of ISO management systems, such as ISO 9001, ISO 14001 and OHSAS 18001 in construction projects is widely known across the industry; however, oil and gas specific ISO quality management systems, such as ISO 29001, and project specific management systems, such as ISO 21500, are not widely known in the industry, which are explained in detail in this handbook for the benefit of the oil and gas construction organizations.


Mechanical engineers typically need a bachelor's degree in mechanical engineering or mechanical engineering technologies. Mechanical engineering programs usually include courses in mathematics and life and physical sciences, as well as engineering and design. Mechanical engineering technology programs focus less on theory and more on the practical application of engineering principles. They may emphasize internships and co-ops to prepare students for work in industry.


This part of System Design Manual presents data and engineering procedures to guide the engineer in practical designing of all-air systems. The complete range covers the conventional, constant volume induction, multi-zone, dual-duct, variable volume, and dual conduit systems.


Journeyman Plumber: The maximum experience the board requires for an applicant to qualify to receive a journeyman plumber's license is four years (6,800 hours) of practical experience.


Examination Information: Examinations are administered in English only through a private testing agency. Once your application has been approved by this office, a letter of acceptance and information on how to contact PSI to obtain a candidate handbook will be provided. The handbook will provide information on who to contact, how to schedule for the written examination, the testing locations, the required fee, and other important information. The examination is in a multiple-choice format. Questions are based on the currently adopted codes, namely, the International Plumbing Code (IPC), the International Fuel Gas Code (IFGC), and the Rules and Regulations as adopted by the Examining Board of Plumbers.


The following is a sample of the categories covered in the written examination: cross-connections, calculations, and blueprint reading, combination waste and vent systems, hangers, supports, and system protection, indirect and special waste piping, installation techniques, plumbing fixtures, sanitary drainage systems, storm drainage systems, traps, interceptors, separators, vents/venting, water distribution systems.


For more advanced shell programming, Appendix A: Administrative Shell Programming ofthe book Essential System Administration, 3rd Edition by Æleen Frisch, O'Reilly and Associates, 2002has a nice tutorial. This tutorial focuses more on advanced topics, such as piping, loops, and subexepressions, which is probably more sophisticated than you will need in this course (butof practical benefit).


A more comprehensive handbook is Linux in a Nutshell, 6th Edition, Ellen Siever et al., O'Reilly and Associates, 2009. This book is really not intended to be read cover-to-cover, though; it is more like an encyclopedia of Linux shell commands.


This practical guide covers the entire lifecycle of a laboratory facility for chemical, biological and medical research. Throughout, the relevant norms and standards are cited, and examples from recent new construction sites are presented.


The first comprehensive guide to modern laboratory planning in ten years to address both construction and operating aspects. Many of the 30 authors are affiliated with the European Association for Sustainable Laboratory Technologies (EGNATON), which has also endorsed this ready reference. This expert team covers the entire lifecycle of a laboratory facility, starting with the site layout and the planning of the building, followed by the planning of such areas as housing for laboratory animals, clean rooms and production facilities. The next section of the book deals with the installation of laboratory equipment, including storage and emergency facilities, while the final parts address safety and sustainability standards applicable to laboratories, as well as facility management and optimization during normal laboratory operation.The relevant norms and standards are cited throughout, and examples from recent construction sites are also presented. Hundreds of photographs and drawings, many in full color, provide visual examples of the design and building concepts. As a result, readers will learn how to construct and maintain efficient and long-serving laboratory spaces with a minimum of maintenance costs and a maximum of safety.An invaluable, practical guide for planners, builders and managers of chemical, biological and medical research laboratories of any size.


An experimental calculation method for the determination of parameters of the stress-strain state of full-scale objects, namely, loads, residual stresses, imperfection, and parameters of fracture mechanics, is considered. The method is based on the calculation evaluation of these parameters from the minimum condition for the efficiency function reflecting the disagreement of significant experimental data arrays and results of numerical solution of model problems with the use of the finite element method. The efficiency of the method and the corresponding program complex is illustrated by results of solving a series of routine practical problems.


This course introduces refrigeration systems and applications. Topics include defrost methods, safety and operational control, refrigerant piping, refrigerant recovery and charging, and leak testing. Upon completion, students should be able to assist in installing and testing refrigeration systems and perform simple repairs.


Students will learn to interpret blueprints, install valves and fittings, join pipe sections, secure them in position and test pipe systems for leaks according to project specifications. Following code to determine the layout, type and size of pipe, and the appropriate tools to use, students will assemble, fabricate, maintain, repair and service equipment and piping systems that carry water, steam, fluids, gases, chemicals and fuel through various systems such as heating, cooling, lubricating and process piping systems.


Course Content: Perform Safety Related Functions- maintain a safe work environment- use PPE and safety equipment- perform lockout procedures- practice fire protectionUse Tools and Equipment- use common tools and equipment- use access equipment- use rigging, hoisting and positioning equipment- rig loads for cranes- use oxy-fuel equipment- use soldering and brazing equipment- use welding equipmentPerform Routine Trade Activities- use mathematics and science- interpret drawings and specifications- use codes, regulations and standardsPerform Layout and Installation of Piping and Components- prepare pipe- join tube, tubing and pipe- install pipe- install valves- install fittings- penetrate structures- install piping componentsPerform Fabrication- fabricate brackets, supports, hangers, guides and anchorsUse Communication Techniques- use communication techniquesApply Electrical Techniques- use the principals of electricity


Learning Outcomes: Upon successful completion of this course, students will be able to:- Identify most common dangers and injuries in the pipe trades area of construction- List types and use safety clothing and personal safety equipment- Describe hazards related to confined space entry into vessels, manholes, and septic tanks- Identify the types of fire extinguishers available, state classes of fires, and how to prevent fires- Identify fire hazardous areas in construction- Follow O H & S and WHMIS guidelines- Demonstrate and use general safe work practices and apply safe work practices and procedures when using tools and equipment- Demonstrate the use and name of hand and power tools used in pipe trades- Select the correct tool and proper size for the desired task- Describe ferrous pipe and fittings used in the pipe trades- Demonstrate and describe pipe threading using hand and power tools- Describe non-ferrous metal pipe and fittings- Identify names and size threaded pipe fittings used on steel pipe, standard malleable, malleable cast iron, steel, cast iron drainage, and galvanized- Identify and name threaded fittings used on non-ferrous pipe- Identify threaded pipe fittings symbols used on blueprints, spools, and other piping drawings- operate welding and cutting equipment for the purpose of general fabrication relating to piping installations


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